Hamadryas Baboon

Hamadryas Baboons live in large groups. These large groups are made up of smaller groups. The smallest group is called a 'harem' and has one adult male and a number of females with their young. Harems that are related, form a 'clan' and look for food together. There is no fighting between the families. Even if there is a threat of danger, they support each other. At the end of the day, the clans gather together on rocks to sleep. Altogether that can sometimes amount to hundreds of animals. In the Beekse Bergen Safari Park, ten harems live together. The harem leader is the father of almost all of the young in the harem.

Grey Jackets and Red Bottoms

The hamadryas baboon is distinguishable by its collar of long grey hairs. Only the adult males have such a fine collar. Their red rumps are also particularly remarkable. In the females, the rump swells enormously during their fertile period once a month. All of the males find that very attractive. But only the leader of the group is allowed to mate with her.

Hamadryas Baboon

Papio hamadryas

  • Habitat: Rocky areas in East Ethiopia, Somalia and the coast of the Arabian peninsular
  • Food: Fruit, twigs, insects and sometimes small antelope
  • Age: Lives to 25 to 30 years old
  • Weight: Females 5 to 10 kg, males up to 15 kg
  • Young: Has 1 infant, after a gestation period of 5.5 months.
  • Where can I see them?: On the walking safari

Nice to know:

Yummy...lovely poo! At the safari park, the baboons live with the elephants. Elephants aren't 'ruminants' (they don't chew the cud and break down their food completely). So as soon as a bit of elephant dung hits the ground, the baboons are over there like a shot. Then they pull it apart looking for undigested leftovers such as bits of apple or carrot.