The camel protects itself well in the Gobi desert. In the winter it gets very cold there, but in summer it's very hot. So in the Spring, it loses its thick winter coat. So that it can cope with the sand, the camel has muscular nostrils so that it can close them. Thanks to its small ears and long eyelashes it can also keep these sand-free. And due to thick skin on the soles of its feet, it's not bothered by the burning sand in summer either. 

Thirsty guy
After a long trip, a camel drinks 120 litres of water in one go to replace the moisture it has lost. It hardly loses any water through its dung or urine. Not even a litre a day. It stores up the rest in its red blood cells. Along with the fat in its humps, these make up an 'energy reserve' that enables the camel to stay in the desert for longer than ten days.


Camelus bactrianus

  • Habitat: In the Gobi desert in central Asia
  • Food: grass, herbs and twigs
  • Age: Lives to 20 years old
  • Weight: 800 kg max.
  • Offspring: 1 calf
  • Gestation Period: 12 to 13 months
  • Where can I see them?: On the walking safari, car safari, boat safari and bus safari

Nice to know:

Woolly and Bald. In the Asiatic desert it is freezing cold in the winter. Then the camels have a thick woolly coat. In the scorching hot summer, it is too hot and it falls out. Then the camels are completely bald and stark naked.